Hard hardwood, creolization, deviltree, and pissed-off voyageurs

Ah, some deviltree! Just in time for Halloweeeen! ­čÖé q╠ô╔Ö╠ül-q╠ô╔Öl sti╠ük:┬á Literally ‘hard-hard wood’. Finding this in C. Snow’s field notes┬áwith the┬ámeaning ‘oak’, I checked his sometimes┬áinteresting CJ phonetics against the┬áGrand Ronde┬ádictionary. Surprising… Continue reading