1913 [circa 1859]: Oh, Dewdney, car mika chaco?

This article specifies that the following took place “over fifty years ago”, so it was perhaps around 1859, early in Settler era of BC.

1866: “A Songish Legend” poem (the Chinook original)

Praise where praise is due: this early PNW doggerel poem manages to rhyme in Chinook Jargon!

1808-1810: The wreck of the Sv. Nikolai

One surviving travel narrative from early PNW contact times is not about trading, but about a year and a half of terror.

Cashman 1900 [1899] and Ahtna Chinuk Wawa / Pidgin English

In south-central Alaska, Ahtna Athabaskan people’s Chinook Jargon (Chinuk Wawa) was as mixed with English as we’ve seen in previously known sources. {Clickable link there.} Stick Indians (Ahtnas), Plate 122 of the Report… Continue reading

1862: “A Civilized Song of the Solomons” doggerel verse

There once existed a distinctly Pacific Northwest literary genre that was emblematic of its place and time.

How Father St. Onge’s “Chinuk Pipa” texts link early-creolized with Northern Jargon (Part 2C of 2)

Last installment here — again, thanks for bearing with me during a week of illness. Klaska klatwa saxali kopa mitxwit stik, They climbed the standing trees,  pi kopa sahali lamotai, pi kaltash and… Continue reading

How Father St. Onge’s “Chinuk Pipa” texts link early-creolized with Northern Jargon (Part 2B of 2)

I’ve been sick for several days, so I’ll just drop this here. Kopa ixt mitxwit stik nsaika chako From one standing tree we got  klaxawiam, pi wixt kopa ixt mitxwit stik pitiful, and… Continue reading

How Father St. Onge’s “Chinuk Pipa” texts link early-creolized with Northern Jargon (Part 2A of 2)

Father Louis-Napoléon St. Onge’s “History of the Old Testament”, written in Chinuk Pipa alphabet (“shorthand”) and published in BC’s Kamloops Wawa newspaper in the 1890s, is one of the many “missing links” between southern and northern Chinuk Wawa. 

Circa 1900: Mixed CPE + CW in Idaho

Chinese Pidgin English & Chinuk Wawa spotted in Idaho — a rare bird!

CW in early Washington state numismatics

A historical coin from Taholah on the Quinault Indian Reservation of the Washington coast… Both images from TokenCatalog.com …carries a well-known Chinuk Wawa family name from the Indigenous community. “Good for 5¢ in… Continue reading