There are a number of really useful resources for studying Chinook Jargon, a.k.a. Chinuk Wawa. I will be annotating each entry with more information.–DDR
These are available for free, online:
- David D. Robertson’s PhD dissertation (2011): “Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins“
- The Chinook Jargon group in Facebook
- The CHINOOK listserv at LinguistList.org (flourished 1998-2009) is full of information, useful & fun to search through
- “Ntsayka Ikanum: Our Story” in Chinuk Wawa and English, from the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde
- Eric Michael Bernando’s blog “Learn Chinook Jargon“
- Jim Holton’s book: “Chinook Jargon: The hidden language of the Pacific Northwest“
- Sarah (Sally) Thomason’s paper titled “Chinook Jargon“
- Duane Pasco’s newspaper “Tenas Wawa, the Chinook Jargon Voice” (1990s)
- George Coombs Shaw’s 1922 “Chinook Dictionary“
- Laura Belle Downey-Bartlett’s “Chinook-English Songs” (1914) (use with caution)
- Bishop Paul Durieu’s “Chinook Bible History” (1899) (actually written up by JMR Le Jeune)
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “Chinook and Shorthand Rudiments: With Which the Chinook Jargon and the Wawa Shorthand Can be Mastered Without a Teacher in a Few Hours” (1898)
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “The Wawa Shorthand First Reading Book” (1896)
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “Chinook Manual, or, Prayers, Hymns and Catechism in Chinook” (1896)
- Myron Eells’ “The Chinook Jargon” (1894)
- James Constantine Pilling’s “Bibliography of the Chinookan Languages (Including Chinook Jargon)” (1893)
- JMJ Le Jacq’s “Our Lady of Lourdes” (1893)
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “Benediction of Church” (1893)
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “Chinook First Reading Book: Including Hymns, Syllabary, and Vocabulary” (1893)
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “Chinook Hymns” (1893)
- Louis-Napoleon St Onge’s “History of the Old Testament” (1892) (actually written up by JMR Le Jeune)
- “Chinook Vocabulary, Chinook-English” (1892)
- Samuel F. Coombs’ “Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon as Spoken on Puget Sound and the Northwest” (1891)
- Horatio Hale’s commendable “An International Idiom: A Manual of the Oregon Trade Language, or ‘Chinook Jargon’ ” (1890)
- One of countless editions of JK Gill’s “Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon” (1887)
- Charles Montgomery Tate’s 1889 “Chinook as Spoken by the Indians of Washington Territory, British Columbia and Alaska“
- Jean-Marie Raphael Le Jeune’s “Practical Chinook Vocabulary: comprising all & the only usual words of that wonderful language arranged in a most advantageous order for the speedily learning of the same, after the plan of Right Rev. Bishop Durieu O M.I., the most experienced missionary & Chinook speaker in British Columbia” (1886)
- Myron Eells’ “Hymns in the Chinook Jargon” (1878)
- George Gibb’s classic and well-respected 1863 “Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon, or, Trade Language of Oregon [abridged]“
- Lionnet’s “Vocabulary of the Jargon or Trade Language of Oregon” (1853)
- Horatio Hale’s classic “Ethnography and Philology” (1846)
- The excellent and early “Chinook Dictionary, Catechism, Prayers and Hymns” by Modeste Demers, Francis Norbert Blanchet and Louis-Napoleon St. Onge (1838 )
Forgive me if I missed this on your list…Edward Thomas Harpers’, “Chinook- A History and Dictionary” 1910. There is also a 1957 edition with changes to two chapters. A fine and accurate volume. Thanks again.
Good suggestions, my friends.
Jeff, I’ve added Tenas Wawa to the list–I already had a link to Jim so I’ll leave it thus, for the moment.
Steve, you bring up a good point: What are people’s favorite Jargon resources, in print? Thomas is classic (I’ve got 2 copies). I’ve also made heavy use of Samuel V. Johnson’s 1978 dissertation, and the various drafts of the now-published Grand Ronde dictionary.
Look for a new page on this blog that you can add more suggestions to!
Swan’s book is available as free e-book to gmail users. Not sure how non-gmail folks get it.
I think Swan’s book, though a commitment to read, offers a good snapshot of the 1850’s and the social context in which Jargon was used with whites and spread.
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The links to “Chinook Bible History” and “History of the Old Testament” are wrong: they lead to “Chinook Vocabulary, Chinook–English”.
Thank you David, I’ll correct those!