How to say honeybee in Chinook Jargon

Happy New Year! I love getting these quick little research questions from my readers! Someone asked me “how to say honeybee in Chinook Jargon”: The Grand Ronde Chinuk Wawa dictionary has this for ‘bee’– ántʰiyeł… Continue reading

Chinook Jargon translator

“Chinook Jargon translator” — affordable rates — email me at! Oh, maybe the people searching for that phrase and landing at my blog are looking for an online, computerized translator? There’s no… Continue reading

George Gibbs’ journal of Redick McKee’s expedition through northwestern California in 1851

George Gibbs’ journal of Redick McKee’s expedition through northwestern California in 1851. That’s the cover title.  Edited and with annotations by Robert F. Heizer.  Berkeley: Department of Anthropology, University of California, 1972. This… Continue reading

Visit to Skwamish, a CJ text

A few days ago, I blogged about TS Bulmer and a Chinook Jargon text of his from the Kamloops Wawa newspaper. Reader Sam Sullivan of Vancouver, BC, courageously took up my challenge to try… Continue reading

Tilikums of Elttaes & the Seattle Potlatch boosters

The Tilikums of Elttaes were “a bunch of boosters“.  Do you know more about them?  Add it in a comment. Their early 20th-century organization was headed by a Hyas Tyee or Tyee Kopa Konaway. It… Continue reading

The end of the mystery of Dr Thomas Sanderson Bulmer

Dr. Thos. S. Bulmer looms large in history of Chinook Jargon, if we’re to be impressed with his voluminous entries in the landmark Bibliography of the Chinookan languages that James Constantine Pilling published through the… Continue reading

The Binfords and Mort Publishing Company and the Development of Regional Literature in Oregon

This is an MA thesis in History by Jeremy Skinner at Portland State University, readable online for free. It’s a neat read overall, for anyone who engages much with printed pioneer-era Northwest sources.… Continue reading

Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa language community

That’s the title of a recent master’s thesis in ESL done at Portland State University, by Abigail Elaina Pecore.   (Picture acknowledgment: WAYK blog.) I’ve only skimmed it so far, having just discovered it.… Continue reading

Stick Indian sighting

Stick Indian sighting in the Dalles! I’ve been realizing that “Stick Indian” has to be quite an old conventionalized Chinook Jargon expression. In George Gibbs’s “Indian Tribes of Washington Territory” (an edition by… Continue reading

Caroline Leighton, Life at Puget Sound

“Life at Puget Sound: With Sketches of Travel in Washington Territory, British Columbia, Oregon, and California, 1865-1881″ Boston: Lee and Shepard / New York: Charles T. Dillingham, 1884 The title and subtitle tell you… Continue reading