More about ma tante
A comment by a participant in our Saturday morning Jargon lesson brought this up…
…I’ve previously noted that Chinook Jargon words for certain very close adult relatives are from French. (See “How papa and mama, and one aunt, are creole Chinuk Wawa“.)
These words, papa, mama, the rarer tant, and maybe < onkil >, replaced older Indigenous-sourced synonyms, once there started to be a community around Fort Vancouver where most households had French-Canadian dads.
Sam Sullivan in our group commented that the nasal vowel in French tante ‘aunt’ ought to have become plain old “A”, giving us the (asterisked because never actually documented) *tat for ‘aunt’.
Once you look at it that way, something becomes startlingly clear. The usual Jargon word for ‘uncle’ continued to be tat!
So a form *tat for ‘aunt’ would have negatives and positives attached to it.
It would make a lot of sense, in that you’d have a single word then for ‘parent’s sibling’ of whatever gender.
And the Canadian dads might’ve already suspected that the existing Jargon tat ‘uncle’ was just a quaint Indian distortion of tante 🙂 Maybe these fellas’ social circle even had a habit of saying tat for ‘aunt’?
However, the gender confusion that a word *tat for ‘aunt’ would cause would disrupt a strong structural regularity in Chinook Jargon’s lexicon.
Because, CJ likes to maintain separate terms for female and male humans who are otherwise equivalent kin to “ego” (the technical word for the individual from whose perspective you’re reckoning the relationship):
- mama ‘mother’ vs. papa ‘father’
- chich ‘grandmother’ vs. chup ‘grandfather’
- tənəs-łuchmən ‘daughter’ vs tənəs-man ‘son’
- łuchmən ‘wife’ vs. man ‘husband’
- kʰwał ‘aunt’ vs. tat ‘uncle’
As a result, I’m thinking that anyone who actually did employ the French-derived word for ‘aunt’ in their Jargon would have good reason to exceptionally preserve the “N” ( ~ the nasal vowel) in it, just as one or more old sources indicate.
This would be an instance similar to what I’ve written about with Chinuk Wawa’s word tans/dans/etc. for ‘dance’, which by the evidence, has both English and French ancestry. Coming from French, it ought to have dropped that “N”. But with ongoing contact with English, there was strong pressure to exceptionally retain the nasal.
Maybe we’ll identify further instances where a French nasal was exceptionally kept in Jargon.
I thought I had mentioned in the earlier relevant post that the French baby word for “tante” is “Tata”. The one for “oncle” is “Tonton”, which apparently is not used in Canadian French.
The initial “t” in both words is probably from the weak 2nd singular possessive pronoun, which in Old French was just “te”, merging with the following vowel-initial noun, so *te + ante : t’ante” ‘your aunt’ and similarly “te + oncle : t’oncle” ‘your uncle’, adapted for or by small children as “tonton(cle)”. Such words would be used to introduce children to their uncle and aunt, and interpreted by the children as the names of these relatives, similarly to “papa” and “maman” as “names” of the parents.
There is a similar merging with the weak 1st singular possessive pronoun in older French “ma mie”, a reanalysis of yet earlier “m’amie” ‘my (girl) friend, my (female) beloved’.
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