Alfred Downing, “I Signal an Indian from Opposite Shore”
His current (April 2012) column is “Sketching the New World: The Art of Alfred Downing”. Downing was born in England in 1848. He immigrated to the United States at age 24. His drawings are in the collection of the Washington State Historical Society, and look to be worth a closer look.
Jack reproduces three of Downing’s many sketches made in Moses-Columbia / Chelan country, while working as a ‘topographical assistant’ in the first half of the 1880s. One of these images piqued my interest; when I got hold of a larger copy of it, I found that the two figures are speaking Chinook Jargon to each other!
Downing and a Native man are engaged in attempted barter, with humorous effect:
- Downing: “Watch all same as chick-a-min” (Watches are just like money.)
- Indian man: “Wake cum-tux” (I don’t understand.)
This is good stuff. This sort of Jargon, with (Chinese-influenced?) pidgin English mixed in, seems to me characteristic of the Okanogan Highlands generally:
- “All same” is common in Chinese Pidgin English. U.E. Fries, whose book “From Copenhagen to Okanogan” I’ve been excerpting here, has Indians’ CJ including terms like “takee”–apparently ‘to take’–which also looks like CPE.
- Fries also has them using bits of what some scholars have called American Indian Pidgin English.
- You can even find South Seas pidgin English-looking words like “stop” and “by-and-by” in their CJ, at least on the Canadian side.
I get the impression that the late-settled interior border region also came late to CJ, and that non-Natives and Natives blended in whatever kind of foreigner talk they could dream up.
What do you think?