Search Results for: california pidgin

1853-56: Two brothers’ diaries (Part 2 of 2)

Picking up partway through 1854 today…

1853-56: Two brothers’ diaries (Part 1 of 2)

Patterson Fletcher Luark (1814-1901), formerly of Illinois, spoke Chinook Jargon, you betcha.

1846: Frémont’s “Narrative” and implicit CW

Not all documents of Chinuk Wawa seem like documents of CW.

More clues in Franchère 1820

I’ve long owned a copy of Gabriel Franchère’s memoir of life at Fort Astoria (Pacific Fur Co.) in the early 1810s…

1853-54, Puget Sound: Lt. William P. Trowbridge diary

William Petit Trowbridge (1828-1892), my fellow Columbia University Lion, did some coastal surveying work in the Pacific Northwest during the frontier era.

Sacramento CPE: You sabee him allee same Washington

A brief quotation of Californian Chinese Pidgin English in the late-frontier era shows you more about West Coast “contact languages”…

1892: Limpy Jim and other fools

More of that California Indian pidgin English (etc.)…

1884: Sacramento CPE: Chinese jubilation

Here’s a nice eyewitnessed quotation of “that other pidgin”, West Coast-style Chinese Pidgin English, in the late frontier period.

Circa 1850: One clŭtchman good! Want two clŭtchman!

Chinuk Wawa was indeed current in southwest Oregon and northwest California in early frontier times; here’s more evidence.

1893: Chinatown agitated

History in the making: the legality of the US’s Chinese Exclusion Act is being decided…