Search Results for: african

Pre-1917: Ka-mi-akin, Last Hero of the Yakamas, part 2 of 2

Returning to A.J. Splawn’s excellent 1917 book now…

1853-54, Puget Sound: Lt. William P. Trowbridge diary

William Petit Trowbridge (1828-1892), my fellow Columbia University Lion, did some coastal surveying work in the Pacific Northwest during the frontier era.

“Blue men” and Gaelic?

I’ve previously written that Pacific Islanders and African-Americans were seen as “blue men” by Indigenous Pacific Northwesterners…

1871: A Negro boot-black (& a missing pidgin)

There’s at least one pidgin missing from the flock of languages in this astonished mention of a Portland Black man.

How did it come to happen that ‘happen’ came from ‘come’?

Do you know how to say ‘happen’ in Chinuk Wawa?

1848: Allen, “Ten Years in Oregon: Travels and Adventures of Dr. E. White and Lady”

Here’s a wonderful book to read. Quite the palate cleanser, after slogging through Herbert Beaver’s letters, but that’s another story.

1888: California CPE doggerel: Ah Sing on Ah Ben

Much as African-American English was, Chinese Pidgin English was used a great deal in 19th-century US popular culture, always for comic effect, and usually by someone costumed as a Chinese person.

Robert K. Beecham, the Canadian “Chinook poet” of Everett

Robert K. Beecham (1838-1920), born in New Brunswick, served in a Wisconsin division in the US Civil War, moved to Everett, Washington in 1894 — which is a telling detail.

Pioneer Nig Saul

At points offensive, but well worth quoting in full, is this nationally circulated rare biographical remembrance of a very early African-American settler and Jargon speaker on the Lower Columbia.

B.C. Black History, Indigenous race relations, plus Bostons & Chinese

Mifflin Wistar Gibbs (1823-1915) was a remarkable person.